SAN FRANCISCO — President Donald Trump’s ambitious plan to build a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border will face significant challenges from both political parties and the courts, as the administration seeks to woo Latino voters in the 2016 election and the country’s legal immigration system faces a new wave of legal immigrants.
Trump’s plan, first reported by the New York Times, includes creating a new legal pathway for undocumented immigrants who come to the United States as children, a new pathway for young adults who entered the country as children and an increase in deportations of convicted criminals.
It also proposes ending a program that provides a temporary work permit to people who were brought to the country illegally as children.
The plan, which Trump said he hopes to complete by the end of the year, would require a 60 percent majority in Congress to approve, and the White House said it expects Congress to pass it in its current form.
But there is growing pressure from both Republican and Democratic lawmakers to keep the plan in place, and many are likely to be pushed to oppose it.
“It’s going to be a long process to do the whole thing, but the president is working to make it happen,” said Peter Kornbluh, president of the Center for Immigration Studies, a nonpartisan research group that advocates for stricter immigration policies.
Trump has already faced criticism from Democrats, who say his plan would exacerbate already-growing racial and economic disparities in the country.
Democrats have been pushing to overhaul the nation’s immigration laws for years, but Trump has repeatedly said he wants to keep his immigration plan intact.
Trump made the immigration plan his first major legislative initiative during his presidential campaign and promised to enact it within his first 100 days in office.
The White House has not yet estimated the number of undocumented immigrants and legal immigrants that will be affected by the plan.
Trump says the border wall would be built with fencing, reinforced fencing and unmanned aerial vehicles, and that it would be completed by 2022.
The plan is to begin construction in 2019 and finish in 2023.
The Associated Press is not naming the government agencies that are in charge of implementing the plan because it would jeopardize their security.
The plan is being backed by the Border Patrol, Customs and Border Protection and the Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency.
The Trump administration has repeatedly cited the border-wall plan as a model for the creation of border barriers nationwide, even as the country has seen a surge in border crossings since Trump took office in January.
Critics have said that Trump is trying to build the wall in the name of securing the border, even though he has said he does not want to build it.
The border is porous, and it would require millions of people to be physically removed to the U-M system in the event of a crisis, said Richard Rosen, a border expert at the Cato Institute.
Trump said in January that his wall was a way to “make sure we’re not getting into the swamp” and to stop criminals and other undocumented people from crossing the border.